Biodiversity and Wildlife impact

Ungulates have a decisive influence on biological diversity. In Germany, however, most species of wild, large herbivores are completely or extensively eliminated, while others are strongly influenced by modern landscape use. Without the substitute of today's obsolete transhumance or extensive domestic animal husbandry, there is now no decisive factor in the balance of nature. At the same time, the productivity of the systems is strongly increased by another, new effective quantity, the enormously increased, area-wide nutrient input.

Therefore the question arises now and for the future cultural landscape, which is even more dominated than today by purposefully uniform uses, how important wild ungulates are in their function as "bio-engineers" for the protection of biodiversity and how they can be integrated into a sustainable landscape development. The INR investigates the effects of deer, wild boar and the like on invertebrates, herpetofauna, plants and vegetation structure.


Project information


Supporter: Stiftung natur+mensch;

Project Management: H. Reck


Fig.1 und Fig.2 Deer create forest moors and sandy grasslands









Fig.3 Moor frogs spawn in pasture paths (from Reck et al. 2009)

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