Since the Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) that was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992, the term biodiversity has gained significance for the general public and at a national level numerous social and political activities have followed.

For example, in 1992 the countries bordering the Baltic Sea (including Russia and Germany) signed the HELCOM-agreement and declared that the conservation of biodiversity is an essential protection measure for the Baltic Sea and its coastal habitats. The second Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe in Helsinki (1993) also stipulated that the conservation and protection of biodiversity is a criterion for sustainable development. The popular terms of biological diversity or biodiversity can relate to all levels of biological considerations: from molecules to genes, cells, organisms, species and populations up to communities and ecosystems. For the time being it remains unclear how all these levels of biological diversity can be appropriately recorded.

The contribution of floristic methods for the assessment of plant biodiversity is investigated by a Russian-German partner project between the Universities of Kaliningrad and Kiel. The research is carried out in the Russian national park "Kurische Nehrung/Baltikum".



  • Survey of the plant biodiversity of various vegetation types in the Curonian spit/Russia (1999-2002). Staff: Christian Dolnik
  • Survey of vascular plants in the Curonian spit. Staff: Irina Y. Gubareva, Alexej A. Sokolov, Viktor P. Dedkov (Kaliningrad), Christian Dolnik (Kiel)
  • Survey of mosses in the Curonian spit. Staff: Maxim G. Napreenko, Larissa V. Raz-gulyaeva (Kaliningrad), Christian Dolnik (Kiel)
  • Survey of lichens in the Curonian spit. Staff: Christian Dolnik (Kiel), Dimitri E. Petrenko (Kaliningrad), Mikhael P. Andreev (St. Petersburg)
  • lichen data bank of Schleswig-Holstein

Contact of this site's webmaster: webmaster (at)